Strategic Integration and Geopolitical Repositioning: Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Path Towards the European Union
1 International Burch University, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina, rich in cultural diversity, is challenged by religious, national, and ethnic divides, leading to societal deadlock. Despite making strides towards internal peace and security, ongoing economic struggles continue to hamper its development. As the country advances towards European integration, prioritizing its own interests and goals is crucial, rather than merely aligning with those of the European Union. The country needs to meet fourteen key conditions to open negotiations for joining the EU. These conditions can serve as a guiding framework to transform the state from its current negative geopolitical position into one where it can become an engaged player in international relations. Its diverse constituent peoples already have established influences with peoples from diverse backgrounds such as Arab and Muslim countries, the European Union’s member states, Russia, and the Eastern European states. These influences have never been utilized in a coordinated and constructive way, but were rather always seen through the prism of conflict. The state can leverage these relationships and position itself as a symbolic bridge between the Western, Eastern, and Muslim Arab worlds. This strategic geopolitical repositioning will not only enhance Bosnia and Herzegovina’s prospects for a brighter future for its citizens but also enable it to play a significant role in regional dynamics. Focused on its unique interests and values, Bosnia and Herzegovina must ensure its voice and values are reflected in the European integration process, shaping a beneficial future, lasting stability, and long-term prosperity for its citizens and the region.
Keywords: Cultural Diversity, Internal Challenges, Economic Struggles, European Integration, Geopolitical Repositioning, Strategic Relationships
HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE
Ivanković-Lijanović J. (2023). Strategic Integration and Geopolitical Repositioning: Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Path Towards the European Union, MAP Social Sciences, 4, 98-107. doi: https://doi.org/10.53880/2744-2454.2023.4.98