Instructions for Authors

Online submission: please follow the hyperlink “SUBMISSION” and upload all of your manuscript files (title page and main text file – manuscript without author identifiers).

Manuscripts should be submitted as a word document, double-spaced, 12-point Times New Roman font, with fully justified wide margins.

The pages should be numbered consecutively, with the title page being page 1. Tables and figures should be numbered serially, and they should be placed near to where they were mentioned in the text, but also submitted as a separate file.

Manuscripts should not exceed 9000 words (without references).

Title page should include:

  • the title;
  • the authors' names, affiliations, e-mail address, and ORCID ID;
  • the authors' disclosure or conflict of interest information;
  • grants and other acknowledgments
  • statement of data availability
  • Abstract long 150 - 250 words serving both as a general introduction to the topic and as a brief, non-technical summary of the main results and their implications.
  • 4 – 6 key words

The text of the manuscript:

  • Headings - Please use the decimal system of headings with no more than three levels.
  • Abbreviations - Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.
  • Footnotes - can be used to give additional information.



In-text references

Please credit ideas, texts, and research that have directly influenced your work. APA 7 prefers paraphrasing over quoting.

  • Paraphrases state the other's ideas in the author's own words. Use author-date citation system (corresponds to the first word of the references entry) to attribute paraphrased Ideas:

Parenthetical in-text citation: (Jones, 2021)

Narrative in-text citation: Jones (2021) provided clear guidelines on food hygiene.

  • Quote sparingly and only when necessary. When the quotation contains fewer than 40 words, use the author-date citation system:

Parenthetical in-text citation: “intentional, carefully planned techniques by which learners monitor or manage their reading” (Sheorey & Mokhtari, 2001, p. 436). For multiple pages, use pp.

Narrative in-text citation: According to Sheorey and Mokhtari (2001), reading strategies are “intentional, carefully planned techniques by which learners monitor or manage their reading” (p. 436).

Block quotes (more than 40 words): Quotation marks are not used. The quotation is double spaced and it starts on a new line indented 0.5 in from the left margin. The reference is in parentheses and it is placed after the last period of the quotation.

  • Multiple authors:

Two authors: include the name of both authors in every in-text citation. In narrative in-text citations, use 'and' and in parenthetical in-text citations use '&' to connect the two authors:

Parenthetical in-text citation: (Carter & Nunan, 2001)

Narrative in-text citation: Carter and Nunan (2001) …

Three or more authors: only the first author's name is included and “et al.” is added in every citation from the first mention.

Parenthetical in-text citation: (Jones et al., 2021)

Narrative in-text citation: Jones et al. (2021) maintained that …

  • Unknown author

When the author is unknown, the title of the publication and the date should be included in the citation.

  • Organization as author

Name the organization and the year of publication, e.g. Ministry of Education (2016)

  • Two or more works in parenthetical in-text citation

When citing multiple works, authors should place the citations in alphabetical order separating them by semicolons, e.g. (Cole, 2012; Johnson & Johnson, 1994; Kagan, 1994; Marashi & Baygzadeh, 2010).


Reference list

References, as a Level 1 heading, should be centered and bolded. Entries are ordered alphabetically with a hanging or a second line indent.

  • A period is used to separate reference elements and a comma is used to separate parts of an element.
  • Capitalize only the first word of a book or article title.
  • Capitalize proper nouns, initials, and acronyms in a title, as well as the first word after the colon ‘:’.
  • The entry contains the following elements: the author’s name and surname (surname, name initials), publication year (e. g. 2001), part-of-the-whole titles (chapter and article title), stand-alone titles (book, journal, website and report titles, source. Stand-alone titles (book, journal, website, report titles) are italicized, while part-of-the-whole titles (chapters and articles) are not italicized.

  • Citing a book

Single author – Author surname, initial(s). (Year). Title of the book. Place: Publisher

Stevens, J. (2001). Applied multivariate statistics for the social sciences (4th ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

Two authors – Author surname, initial(s)., & Author surname, initial(s). (Year). Title. Place: Publisher

Kagan, S., & Kagan M. (2009). Kagan cooperative learning. San Clemente, CA: Kagan Publishing

Three or more authors – Author surname, initial(s)., Last name, initial(s)., & Last name, initial(s). (Year). Title. Place: Publisher

Greig, A., Taylor, J., & MacKay, T. (2013). Doing research with children: A practical guide. London: Sage.

Unknown author – Title of the book (edition). (Year). Place: Publisher

Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (11th ed.). (2003). Merriam-Webster.

Edited book - Author surname, initial(s). (Ed.). (Year). Title. Place: Publisher

Jordan, J. V., Walker, M., & Hartling, L. M. (Eds). (2004). The complexity of connection. Guilford Press; New York, NY.

  • Citing a doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis

Author surname, initial(s). (Year). Title of the thesis (Publication No. - if available). [Doctoral dissertation or master's thesis, Institution]. Archive name. URL

Axford, J.C. (2007). What constitutes success in Pacific Island community conserved areas? [Doctoral dissertation, University of Queensland]. UQ eSpace.

  •  Citing a journal article or conference proceedings

Single author – Author surname, initial(s). (Year). Article title. Journal title, Volume, number (issue number of journal), page range of article. DOI number as an URL

Eldridge, J. (1996). Code-switching in a Turkish secondary school. ELT Journal, 50(4), 303-311.

Two authors – Author surname, initial(s)., & Author surname, initial(s). (Year). Article title. Journal title. Volume number (issue number of journal), page range of article. DOI number as an URL

Furnham, A., and Ribchester, T. (1995). Tolerance of ambiguity: A review of the concept, its measurement and applications. Current Psychology, 14 (3), 179–199.

Three or more authors – Author surname, initial(s)., Author surname, initial(s), & Author surname, Initials. (Year). Article title. Journal title. Volume number (issue number of journal), page range of article. DOI number as an URL

Geraghty, S., Lauva, M., & Oliver, K. (2016). Reconstructing compassion: Should it be taught as part of the curriculum? British Journal of Nursing25(15), 836-839.

  • Citing a book or e-book chapter

Author Surname, Initial(s)., & Author Surname, Initial(s). (Year). Title of the book chapter. In Initial(s) Editor Surname & Initial(s) Editor Surname (Eds.), Title of the book (ed., page range). Publisher. DOI number (if available).

Johnson, D. W., & Johnson, R. T. (2013). The impact of cooperative, competitive, and individualistic learning environments on achievement. In J. Hattie & E. Anderman (Eds.), International handbook of student achievement (pp. 372-374). New York: Routledge.


Further instructions

  • If the entries include two or more works by the same author, use the author's name for all entries and list the entries by the year (earliest comes first).
  • When an author appears both as a sole author and as the first author in a co-authored paper, list the one-author entries first.
  • References that have the same first author and different second and/or third authors are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the second author or the last name of the third if the first and second authors are the same.
  • If more entries by the same author (or the same group of authors) are published in the same year and cited, organize them in the reference list alphabetically by the title of the article or chapter. Letter suffixes should be also assigned to the year and such manuscripts should be referred to in the text as they appear in the reference list, e.g. Jones (2021a) maintains…


Tables and figures format


All tables should be designed according to APA 7 design and numbered sequentially as they are referred to in the text (Table 1, Table 2, etc.), likewise for figures (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.). Data in a table that would need only two columns and rows ought to be presented in the text. More complex data should be presented in tabular format. Quantitative data should be presented clearly and efficiently and it should be arranged logically. Titles of tables should be italicized and placed below the table number, with a blank line between the number and the title.


Figures display all graphical information that is not in the tables. Figures include graphs, charts, drawings, maps, and photos. All figures that are in the main text contain a figure number (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.), which is assigned based on the order in which figures appear in the text. Figure numbers are left aligned and bolded. Figure title is written below the number and it is italicized. The title should be clear and self-explanatory. Figure title and number should be double spaced.