Instructions for Authors

Basic format guidelines

  • Manuscripts should be submitted as a word document, double-spaced, 12-point Times New Roman font, with fully justified wide margins (2.54 x 2.54 cm). Please use the MAPSS template to format your manuscript (MAPSS template).
  • The pages should be numbered consecutively, with the title page being page 1. Tables and figures should be numbered serially, and they should be placed near to where they were mentioned in the text, but also submitted as a separate file.
  • Manuscripts should not exceed 9000 words (without references).
  • Manuscripts should be prepared according to APA (American Psychological Association) Publication Manual (7th edition, 2019).
  • Running head: The manuscript should include a running head. It should be written in capital letters, identical to the paper’s title, or a shortened form of the title that conveys the same idea and it should not exceed 50 characters (spaces and punctuation included).
  • Title of the manuscript: Centered, bold, title case heading (Times New Roman, 14pt)
  • Author’s name and surname: Align left, bold (Times New Roman, 12pt)
  • Name of organization or institution (Times New Roman, 12 pt)
  • Country (Times New Roman, 12 pt)
  • Author’s e-mail address (Times New Roman, 12pt, italic)
  • Headings:
    1. Level 1 headings: Centered, bold, title case heading (Times New Roman, 12pt)
    2. Level 2 headings: Align left, bold, title case heading (Times New Roman, 12 pt)
    3. Level 3 headings: Align left, bold, italics, title case heading (Times New Roman, 12 pt)
    4. Level 4 headings: Indented, bold, title case heading, ending with a period (Times New Roman, 12 pt)
    5. Level 5 headings: Idented, bold, italics, title case heading, ending with a period (Times New Roman, 12 pt)

In-text references

Please credit ideas, texts, and research that have directly influenced your work. APA prefers paraphrasing over quoting.

  • Paraphrases state the other’s ideas in the author’s own words. Use author-date citation system (corresponds to the first word of the references entry) to attribute paraphrased deas:
    1. Parenthetical in-text citation: (Jones, 2021)
    2. Narrative in-text citation: Jones (2021) provided clear guidlines on food hygiene.
  • Quote sparingly and only when necessary. When the quotation contains fewer than 40 words, use the author-date citation system:
    1. Parenthetical in-text citation: “intentional, carefully planned techniques by which learners monitor or manage their reading” (Sheorey & Mokhtari, 2001, p. 436). For multiple pages, use pp.
    2. Narrative in-text citation: According to Sheorey and Mokhtari (2001), reading strategies are “intentional, carefully planned techniques by which learners monitor or manage their reading” (p. 436).
    3. Block quotes (more than 40 words): Quotation marks are not used. The quotation is double spaced and it starts on a new line indented 0.5 in from the left margin. The reference is in parentheses and it is placed after the last period of the quotation.
  • Multiple authors:
    1. Two authors: include the name of both authors in every in-text citation. In narrative in-text citations, use ‘and’ and in paranthetical in-text citations use ‘&’ to connect the two authors:Paranthetical in-text citation: (Carter & Nunan, 2001)Narrative in-text citation: Carter and Nunan (2001) …
    2. Three or more authors: only the first author’s name is included and “et al.” is added in every citation from the first mention.Parenthetical in-text citation: (Jones et al., 2021)Narrative in-text citation: Jones et al. (2021) maintained that …
  • Unknown author
    When the author is unknown, the title of the publication and the date should be included in the citation.
  • Organization as author
    Name the organization and the year of publication, e.g. Ministry of Education (2016)
  • Two or more works in parenthetical in-text citation
    When citing multiple works, authors should place the citations in alphabetical order separating them by semicolons, e.g. (Cole, 2012; Johnson & Johnson, 1994; Kagan, 1994; Marashi & Baygzadeh, 2010).

Reference list

  • References, as a Level 1 heading, should be centered and bolded. Entries are ordered alphabetically with a hanging or a second line indent.
  • A period is used to separate reference elements and a comma is used to separate parts of an element.
  • Capitalize only the first word of a book or article title.
  • Capitalize proper nouns, initials, and acronyms in a title, as well as the first word after the colon ‘:’.
  • The entry contains the following elements: the author’s name and surname (surname, name initials), publication year (e. g. 2001), part-of-the-whole titles (chapter and article title), stand-alone titles (book, journal, website and report titles, source. Stand-alone titles (book, journal, website, report titles) are italicized, while part-of-the-whole titles (chapters and articles) are not italicized.
  • Citing a bookSingle author – Author surname, initial(s). (Year). Title of the book. Place: PublisherStevens, J. (2001). Applied multivariate statistics for the social sciences (4th ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum AssociatesTwo authors – Author surname, initial(s)., & Author surname, initial(s). (Year). Title. Place: PublisherKagan, S., & Kagan M. (2009). Kagan cooperative learning. San Clemente, CA: Kagan PublishingThree or more authors – Author surname, initial(s)., Last name, initial(s)., & Last name, initial(s). (Year). Title. Place: PublisherGreig, A., Taylor, J., & MacKay, T. (2013). Doing research with children: A practical guide. London: Sage.Unknown author – Title of the book (edition). (Year). Place: PublisherMerriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary (11th ed.). (2003). Merriam-Webster.Edited book – Author surname, initial(s). (Ed.). (Year). Title. Place: PublisherJordan, J. V., Walker, M., & Hartling, L. M. (Eds). (2004). The complexity of connection. Guilford Press; New York, NY.
  • Citing a doctoral dissertation or master’s thesisAuthor surname, initial(s). (Year). Title of the thesis (Publication No. – if available). [Doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis, Institution]. Archive name. URLAxford, J.C. (2007). What constitutes success in Pacific Island community conserved areas? [Doctoral dissertation, University of Queensland]. UQ eSpace.
  • Citing a journal article or conference proceedingsSingle author – Author surname, initial(s). (Year). Article title. Journal title, Volume, number (issue number of journal), page range of article. DOI number as an URLEldridge, J. (1996). Code-switching in a Turkish secondary school. ELT Journal, 50(4), 303-311. authors – Author surname, initial(s)., & Author surname, initial(s). (Year). Article title. Journal title. Volume number (issue number of journal), page range of article. DOI number as an URLFurnham, A., and Ribchester, T. (1995). Tolerance of ambiguity: A review of the concept, its measurement and applications. Current Psychology, 14 (3), 179–199. or more authors – Author surname, initial(s)., Author surname, initial(s), & Author surname, Initials. (Year). Article title. Journal title. Volume number (issue number of journal), page range of article. DOI number as an URLGeraghty, S., Lauva, M., & Oliver, K. (2016). Reconstructing compassion: Should it be taught as part of the curriculum? British Journal of Nursing, 25(15), 836-839.
  • Citing a book or e-book chapterAuthor Surname, Initial(s)., & Author Surname, Initial(s). (Year). Title of the book chapter. In Initial(s) Editor Surname & Initial(s) Editor Surname (Eds.), Title of the book (ed., page range). Publisher. DOI number (if available).Johnson, D. W., & Johnson, R. T. (2013). The impact of cooperative, competitive, and individualistic learning environments on achievement. In J. Hattie & E. Anderman (Eds.), International handbook of student achievement (pp. 372-374). New York: Routledge.

Further instructions

  • If the entries include two or more works by the same author, use the author’s name for all entries and list the entries by the year (earliest comes first).
  • When an author appears both as a sole author and as the first author in a co-authored paper, list the one-author entries first.
  • References that have the same first author and different second and/or third authors are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the second author or the last name of the third if the first and second authors are the same.
  • If more entries by the same author (or the same group of authors) are published in the same year and cited, organize them in the reference list alphabetically by the title of the article or chapter. Letter suffixes should be also assigned to the year and such manuscripts should be referred to in the text as they appear in the reference list, e.g. Jones (2021a) maintains…

Tables and figures format


All tables should be numbered sequentially as they are referred to in the text (Table 1, Table 2, etc.), likewise for figures (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.). Data in a table that would need only two columns and rows ought to be presented in the text. More complex data should be presented in tabular format. Quantitative data should be presented clearly and efficiently and it should be arranged logically. Titles of tables should be italicized and placed below the table number, with a blank line between the number and the title.


Figures display all graphical information that is not in the tables. Figures include graphs, charts, drawings, maps, and photos. All figures that are in the main text contain a figure number (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.), which is assigned based on the order in which figures appear in the text. Figure numbers are left aligned and bolded. Figure title is written below the number and it is italicized. The title should be clear and self-explanatory. Figure title and number should be double spaced.